Situated at the southernmost suggestion of the Malay Peninsula with a land space of 685.4 km2, Singapore is an island-condition with a 4.2 million inhabitants. It consists of a person key island and 63 islets, some of the additional nicely-recognised types becoming: Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin, St John’s Island, Kusu Island, Pulau Hantu, Jurong Island. Pulau indicates “island” in Malay.
Modern Singapore was started by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1819 when it was minor a lot more than a swamp. Only right until the “rightful” Johorean heir agreed to promote the island to the British that it became a colony. Broadly recognised and recorded by lots of sojourners as Temasek – Sea Town – by the 14th century, Singapore was a flourishing vassal state of the Sri Vijayan empire.
Legend has it that a Palembang prince named Sang Nila Utama was liable for the current-working day name, Singapura this means Lion Town. In Sanskrit and Malay, Singa = Lion + Pura = Metropolis. It was even though trying to get refuge from a storm with his entourage that Sang Nila Utama spotted a mousedeer – which he was advised a lion. But lions’ pure habitat is the grassy plains or the savannah, not jungles.
As the British experienced dominated Singapore for about a hundred and forty many years until 1963, just one of the legacies is the English Authorized Procedure. As very well as English which is the language of administration, enterprise and instruction in educational institutions from kindergarten upwards. In addition to Malay, Mandarin and Tamil that make up the official languages of the state.
Additionally, Malay is the nationwide language as enshrined in the Structure. This is partly in recognition of the indigenous status of the Malays. The countrywide coat of arms depicts a lion and a tiger, the latter indicating Singapore’s historical links to Malaysia. This is a visible reminder to Singaporeans that they simply cannot serious their ties with Malaysia. Even lots of Malaysian Malays still check out Singapore as Malay territory until currently.
What is much more exciting is a Dutch economist who made Singapore’s economic blueprint assisting the state to achieve good results. The late Dr Albert Winsemius, who handed absent in 1996, was appointed as the country’s Main Financial Advisor from 1961 to 1984.
There you have it, Singapore’s historical past in a nutshell.